German codetermination improved labor productivity (value-added per employee) by 16 - 21%.
On the whole, codetermination laws in European countries appear to have zero effect on the economy, or very small, positive effects on worker, firm, and macroeconomic outcomes.
Existing codetermination laws convey relatively little power to workers.
European countries with codetermination laws already have high baseline levels of worker involvement in decision making, rendering the potential impacts of codetermination laws moot.
Codetermination laws have been passed in countries with already existing pro-worker institutions, such as centralized collective bargaining systems, high union coverage, and extensive labor market regulations. Thus, the low hanging fruit of codetermination's potential impact may already be plucked.
Codetermination can be formulated as either a mandate applied to all firms, or a right for workers in covered firms to take up codetermination, should they wish to.
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Voice at Work
What Does Codetermination Do?
Labor In the Boardroom
Policy Design Details