A 2021 survey of codetermination studies finds that the existing empirical evidence "points to nonexistent or very small positive effects of codetermination on key proxies for worker welfare, including wages, rent-sharing, voluntary and involuntary separations, health, and subjective job quality."
Finnish transition to worker representation is associated with a small, 2% reduction of annual separation rates into non-employment
Surveys suggest the Finnish transition to worker representation slightly increased perceived job quality
Voice at Work
What Does Codetermination Do?