University of California, San Diego
Cash transfer studies in the developing world have found positive impacts on: income, assets, savings, borrowing, total expenditure, food expenditure, dietary diversity, school attendance, test scores, cognitive development, use of health facilities, labor force participation, child labor migration, domestic violence, women's empowerment, marriage, fertility, and use of contraception.
Recipients of basic income in Kenya increased their spending relative to control groups by 13.5%.
Cash transfers in low and middle income countries do not reduce labor supply.
Cash transfers increased economic activity (proxy for GDP at scale) in Kenya (via multiplier effects of 2.46 on expenditures and 2.73 on income).
General equilibrium effects of cash transfers: experimental evidence from Kenya
Universal Basic Income In the Developing World
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)