Cash transfer studies in the developing world have found positive impacts on: income, assets, savings, borrowing, total expenditure, food expenditure, dietary diversity, school attendance, test scores, cognitive development, use of health facilities, labor force participation, child labor migration, domestic violence, women's empowerment, marriage, fertility, and use of contraception.

"Second, evaluations have found a great diversity of positive impacts. For example, a partial list of outcomes affected in a positive way in one study or another, according to Bastagli et al (2016), includes income, assets, savings, borrowing, total expenditure, food expenditure, dietary diversity, school attendance, test scores, cognitive development, use of health facilities, labor force participation, child labor migration, domestic violence, women’s empowerment, marriage, fertility, and use of contraception."

empirical