In high-income countries, cash transfer programs that carry work requirements are not associated with improved health of young children, whereas unconditional ones are.

“While our review uncovered only 14 papers, which together yielded some mixed results, 3 patterns stood out. First, in both low-income/middle-income and high-income countries, cash transfer programmes that do not carry conditions seem mostlyto be beneficial. Second, in middle-income countries, cash transfer programmes that are conditional on use of health and educational services also yield health benefits. Finally, in the context of high-income countries, programmes that carry work requirements are not associated with improved health of young children.”

empirical