Steven P. Miller
Queen's University of Ontario
In the USA, the 1970's reforms to the welfare system that introduced targeted cash transfer programs conditional on work were associated with higher infant mortality rates.
Alaska's APF dividend was associated with a 17.7 gram increase in infant birth weight
Alaska's APF dividend was associated with a 0.4% - 0.7% decrease in low birth weight.
In Nepal, children living in households with grandparents eligible for unconditional old-age allowance had a 7% - 8% higher probability of survival 12 months after birth.
3 targeted & unconditional cash transfer programs found positive effects on infant health in the first year of life.
Reforms to the US welfare system that made cash transfers conditional upon work were associated with an increase in infant mortality of 3.1 deaths per live birth for foreign-born Mexican women.
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Do cash transfer programmes yield better health in the first year of life? A systematic review linking low-income/middle-income and high-income contexts
Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend
Earned Income Tax Credit