In a Mexican study, infants whose families received conditional cash transfers, averaging one third of household income, show long-term benefits to education, wages, geographic mobility, and family formation (20 years later).

The cash transfer is conditional upon a set of behaviors designed to improve health and nutrition. These include: i) accepting preventative medical care, ii) attending nutrition clinics and accepting nutritional supplements, and iii) pregnant women receiving prenatal care. In addition, the transfer was given only to mothers of the family.