William E. Copeland
Duke University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
An additional $4k/yr for the poorest households increases educational attainment by one year at age 21.
Which parent receives unconditional income affects child outcomes.
In the case of an unconditional $4,000 provided to American Indian families financed via casino profits, recipient parents did not reduce labor hours.
Unconditional income improves parental quality.
American Indian children were required to finish high school in order to receive an unconditional $4,000 per year, otherwise they had to wait until 21.
Unconditional income (an additional $4,000 per year) reduced arrests for 16 and 17 year olds by 22%.
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Parents' Income and Children's Outcomes
Social Wealth Fund
Social Costs of Poverty
Policy Design Details